Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
TIPS is a procedure for patients with liver diseases such as cirrhosis or hepatitis. Patients with these diseases sometimes develop a condition called portal hypertension. Portal hypertension occurs when the normal flow of blood through the liver is slowed due to the scarred or damaged liver tissue surrounding the blood vessels. This condition may cause internal bleeding.
The TIPS procedure can treat/manage portal hypertension without invasive surgery. The Interventional Radiologist threads a catheter through a small incision in the skin near the neck and guides it to the blocked blood vessels in the liver. Under X-ray guidance, the doctor creates a tunnel in the liver through which the blocked blood can flow. The tunnel is held open by the insertion of a small metal cylinder, called a stent.
This procedure requires an overnight stay in the hospital.